Sprawled across a calcareous tableland which is surrounded by use l ong chain of Libyan mountain ranges and rimmed to the north and south by two wadis is Giza, 11 kilometres (6.8 miles) south-west of Cairo. Although it is associated with the grandeur and tradition of the Fourth Dynasty, recent archaeological excavations south of the pyramids here have uncovered remains of a settlement with tombs

The Pyramid of Cheops

Egyptologists believe the pyramid was built as a tomb for the Fourth Dynasty Egyptian pharaoh Khufu (often Hellenized as "Cheops") and was constructed over a 20-year period. Khufu's vizier, Hemiunu (also called Hemon) is believed by some to be the architect of the Great Pyramid.

The Sphinx

The Great Sphinx of Giza is the largest, the oldest and probably the most famous monumental statues in the world and an iconic symbol of ancient Egypt was carved out of limestone on the Giza Plateau, probably in the reign of the king Khafre

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